Library of Celsus
The Library of Celsus is an ancient Roman building located in the ancient city of Ephesus, which is situated in modern-day Turkey. It was built between AD 110 and 135 by the Roman senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus as a tomb for his father, and it was designed to be a grand monument to his family's wealth and prestige.
The Library of Celsus was not just a tomb, but also a library, which was a relatively new concept at the time. The library was designed to hold approximately 12,000 scrolls and books, and the reading room was decorated with sculptures of famous philosophers and writers. The library was an important symbol of knowledge and learning, and it played a significant role in the intellectual and cultural life of Ephesus.
The library was an impressive building, with a facade measuring over 16 meters high and 30 meters wide. The facade was adorned with columns, statues, and reliefs, and was one of the most elaborate and ornate of its time. The interior of the library consisted of a large reading room with niches for books and a central space for lectures and discussions.
The Library of Celsus was a symbol of the wealth and power of the city of Ephesus, and it played an important role in the intellectual and cultural life of the ancient world. It was one of the largest and most impressive libraries of its time and is considered to be one of the most significant ancient monuments in the world.
Today, the Library of Celsus is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Ephesus and is a must-see for anyone visiting the ancient city. Although much of the building has been destroyed over the centuries, the facade has been partially restored, and visitors can still see the impressive columns, statues, and reliefs that make the library so famous. The library is a testament to the engineering and architectural skill of the ancient world and serves as a reminder of the intellectual and cultural achievements of the people who built it.